Creating a will or a revocable living trust offers some protection for your kid's inheritance, but in most cases, you'll be guided to distribute assets through your will or trust to your children at specific ages and stages, such as one-third at age 25, half the balance at 30, and the rest at 35.
If you've created an estate plan, check to see if this is how your will or trust leaves assets to your children. If so, you may not have been told about another option that can give your children access, control, and airtight asset protection for whatever assets they inherit from you.
Our firm's planning process always offers parents the option of creating a Legacy Trust for their children's inheritance. These unique trusts safeguard your kids' inheritance from being lost to common life events, such as divorce, serious illness, lawsuits, or even bankruptcy.
But that's not all they do.
Indeed, the best part of these trusts is that they offer your kids the best of both worlds: 1) airtight asset protection and 2) the ability to use and control their inheritance. You can even provide your heirs with a unique educational opportunity in which they gain valuable experience managing and growing their inheritance. More on all of this is below.
Not Only For The Super Rich
Contrary to what you might think, Legacy Trusts are not just for those with massive wealth. In fact, these trusts are even more useful if you're leaving a relatively modest inheritance because they can be used to educate your children about how to grow your family wealth, instead of quickly blowing through it.
And without such guidance, most people blow through their inheritance very quickly. In fact, one study found that, on average, an inheritance is totally gone in about five years due to debt and poor investment. Another study found that one-third of people who receive an inheritance actually had negative savings within just two years.
Not to mention, the smaller the inheritance, the more at risk it is of getting wiped out by a single unfortunate event like a medical emergency, lawsuit, or serious accident.
To demonstrate how Legacy Trusts provide protection to families leaving behind a modest inheritance, here we'll describe a true story involving a tragic accident. While the following events are entirely true, the individual's name has been changed for privacy protection.
The Flooded Apartment
Eric was staying at a friend's apartment in New York City. The apartment was on the top of the building, and Eric decided to run himself a bath. While the bath was running, another friend called and invited Eric to go out with him, which he did.
At about 2 a.m., Eric came back to the apartment and discovered he made a huge mistake and left the bath running when he left the apartment. The resulting flood caused more than $400,000 in damage to the apartment and the one below it.
While there was insurance to cover the damage, the insurance company sued Eric for what's known as “subrogation,” meaning the company sought to collect the $400,000 they paid out to repair the damage Eric caused to the property.
Because the flood was due to his negligence in leaving the bath running—a simple, but a costly mistake—Eric was responsible for the damage. Now here's where the inheritance piece comes into play and why it's so important to leave whatever you're passing on to your heirs in a protected trust. If Eric had received an inheritance outright in his own name, he would have lost $400,000 of it to this unfortunate mishap.
However, if Eric had received his inheritance in a Legacy Trust, instead of an outright distribution, his money would be completely protected from such a lawsuit—and just about any other threat imaginable.
Don't Take Any Chances
Regardless of how much financial wealth you have (or don't have), if you plan to leave your kids anything at all, you should do everything you can to make it more likely that they grow what's left behind, instead of losing it. This way, your resources can have a truly beneficial effect on their lives—and even the lives of future generations.
A Legacy Trust can achieve each of those goals and so much more.
Not All Trusts Are Created Equal
When it comes to leaving an inheritance, most lawyers will advise you to place the money in a revocable living trust, which is the right thing to do. However, most lawyers would have you distribute the trust assets outright to your loved ones at specific ages, such as one-third at 25, half of the balance at 35, and the rest at 40. Check your own trust now to see if it does this or something similar.
But giving outright ownership of the trust assets in this way puts everything you've worked so hard to leave behind at risk. While a living trust may protect your loved ones' inheritance as long as the assets are held by the trust, once the assets are disbursed to the beneficiary, they can be lost to future creditors, a catastrophic accident or illness, divorce, bankruptcy—or as in Eric's case, a major lawsuit.
Rather than risking their inheritance by leaving it outright to your children at certain ages or following certain life events, such as graduating college, you can gift your assets to your children at the time of your death using a Legacy Trust. When you gift the inheritance to your kids via a Legacy Trust, the Trustee of the trust owns the assets, not your children.
Therefore, if your kids ever get divorced, file bankruptcy, have a major medical issue, or are ordered to pay damages in a lawsuit, they can't lose their inheritance because they never owned it in the first place. A Legacy Trust can be built into a revocable living trust, which becomes irrevocable at the time of your death and holds your loved one's inheritance in continued protective trust for their lifetime.
Here's how it works: A Trustee of your choice holds the trust assets upon your death for the benefit of your child or children. Because a Legacy Trust is discretionary, the Trustee has the power to distribute the assets at their own discretion, instead of being required to release them in a rigid structure. This discretionary power enables the Trustee to control when and how your kids can access their inheritance, so they're not only protected from outside threats like ex-spouses and creditors but from their own poor judgment as well.
A Lifetime Of Guidance & Support
Given that distributions from a Legacy Trust are 100% up to the Trustee, you may be concerned about the Trustee's ability to know when to make distributions to your child and when to withhold them. Granting such power is vital for asset protection, but it also puts a lot of pressure on the Trustee, and you probably don't want your named Trustee making these decisions in a vacuum.
To address this issue, you can write up guidelines for the Trustee, providing the Trustee with direction about how you'd like the trust assets to be used for your beneficiaries. This ensures the Trustee is aware of your values and wishes when making distributions, rather than simply guessing what you would've wanted, which often leads to problems down the road.
In fact, many of our clients add guidelines describing how they'd choose to make distributions in up to 10 different scenarios. These scenarios might involve the purchase of a home, a wedding, the start of a business, and/or travel. Some clients choose to provide guidelines around how they would make investment decisions, as well. This is something we can support you with if you decide to use a Legacy Trust.
An Educational Opportunity
Beyond these benefits, a Legacy Trust can also be set up to give your child hands-on experience managing financial matters, like investing, running a business, and charitable giving. And he or she will learn how to do these things with support from the Trustee you've chosen to guide them.
This is accomplished by adding provisions to the trust that allow your child to become a Co-Trustee at a predetermined age. Serving alongside the original Trustee, your child will have the opportunity to invest and manage the trust assets under the supervision and tutelage of a trusted mentor.
You can even allow your child to become a Sole Trustee later in life, once he or she has gained enough experience and is ready to take full control. As Sole Trustee, your child would be able to resign and replace themselves with an independent trustee, if necessary, for continued asset protection.
Regardless of whether or not your child becomes a Co-Trustee or Sole Trustee, a Legacy Trust gives you the opportunity to turn your child's inheritance into a valuable teaching tool. Do you want to give your child the ability to leave trust assets to a surviving spouse or a charity upon their death? Or would you prefer that the assets are only distributed to his or her biological or adopted children? You might even want your child to create their own Legacy Trust for their heirs.
We offer you a wide variety of options that can be tailored to fit your particular values and family dynamics. Be sure to ask us which options might be best for your particular situation.
Find Out If A Legacy Trust Is Right For Your Family
Of course, Legacy Trust s aren't for everyone. If your kids are going to spend the vast majority of their inheritance on everyday expenses and consumables, they probably don't make much sense. But if you want the assets you are leaving behind to be invested and grown over the long term, even though their own business or investments, a Legacy Trust can be immensely valuable.
When you meet with us, we will work with you to look at your family circumstances and your assets to decide together if a Legacy Trust is the right option for your loved ones. In the end, it's not about how much you're leaving your heirs that matters. It's about ensuring that what you do pass on is there when it's needed most and put to the best use possible. Schedule a Life and Legacy Planning Session today to learn more.